This is a guest post
It happened over 17 million times last year. Someone bought a car or truck in the U.S. (source: CNN.com) And in many of those purchases the buyer wondered if they got a good deal or if they would have been better off repairing their old ride.
Should you repair or replace your ride?
Before you start shopping you’ll need to decide if your old car is worth repairing. There are a number of questions that can help you decide.
Begin by finding out what the repair will cost. Get an estimate from an honest mechanic. Then do a little online research on that repair to validate the mechanic’s estimate.
Next ask yourself how many more miles your car will likely last if you do the repair. It’s one thing to make the repair and get another 30,000 or 40,000 miles. Something totally different if another repair is likely to crop in just a matter of months.
What will your car be worth if the repair is done? With the average age of a vehicle on U.S. highways at over 11 years the cost of the repair could exceed the value of your ride. It doesn’t make sense to spend $3500 replacing a transmission on a car that’s only worth $1700.
Finally, ask yourself how you feel about your vehicle and the repair. Even an expensive repair costs a lot less than a newer car. Don’t allow ‘new car fever’ to make the decision for you.
Shopping for a newer ride
Not only will you be looking for something that you’ll enjoy driving, but also for payments (or better still a cash purchase) that won’t drive your finances into the ditch.
Once you settle on a make, model and target price it’s time to visit the dealer for a test drive. Make sure that the car meets your expectations. If you’re going to be surprised, now is the time to find them.
Next is the step that most shoppers dislike the most – negotiating with the salesperson. It’s you vs. a professional who practices their craft every day. But there’s no need to fear…if you prepare and know their tactics.
Begin by understanding their goal – to close a sale today. Towards that end they’ll ask a variety of questions to get you to admit that you could buy a car today if you liked the deal.
After you’ve agreed that you could buy a car today, they’ll try to find out what you would need in a deal to make a commitment. For some buyers it’s a bottom line price. For others it’s the amount of the monthly payment.
Then the back and forth begins. Don’t hesitate to make demands that you know they can’t meet. The salesperson will lower their price or throw in an option and ask you to make a concession in return. That’s when you’ll give up those demands you didn’t expect to get.
At some point if the negotiations get serious, the salesperson will say he needs to discuss your deal with the manager.
If they come back and say “you’re way off” you’ll either need to make a much better offer or walk out the door. If they indicate that “a deal might be there” it’s time to buckle your seat belt for the real negotiation.
Don’t be afraid to let them know that you’re ready to take the right deal. In doing so you’re reminding them that you’re just one or two steps away from making them a sale.
If you’re trading a car keep the negotiations separate. Deal on the new car first. Only then get into how much your car is worth in trade. By keeping them separate you maintain your leverage on each deal.
Don’t be afraid to break off the negotiations and walk out. You may get a call half an hour later saying that they can do your deal or asking you to return because you’re very close to getting a deal done.
One more negotiation: the business office
Once you’ve negotiated the price of the new car and your trade it’s time to navigate the final speed bump: the business manager and his dealership fees.
The business manager has one primary job function – to maximize profit for the dealer. That means that he or she is not your friend. They want to get you into financing that’s the most profitable for the dealer that’s acceptable to you, include as many add-ons as possible and not do anything that will blow up the sale.
Knowing that gives you 3 tools to protect yourself.
First, if you’ll be financing the car, do your loan shopping before you head to the dealer. Know how much you can borrow, the length of the loan, what interest rate you’ll pay and what your monthly payments will be. Unless the business manager offers a better deal use the financing that you’ve already arranged.
Next you’ll need to negotiate over the various fees and add-ons that the dealer will want to sell you. Do you need upholstery protectant or insurance to make your payments if you lose your job? You may want some, but it’s unlikely that you’ll benefit from everything they offer.
Finally remember that the deal is not complete until you sign the contract. And even then in some states there’s a ‘cooling off period’ during which you can change your mind. If the business manager insists on add-ons that you don’t want you’re free to walk away from the deal. Just knowing that you’re willing to walk should keep the business manager from taking advantage of you.
There you have it. A blueprint for getting the best deal on a new car. Hope you enjoy your new wheels!
Gary Foreman is a former financial planner who founded The Dollar Stretcher.com in 1996. He’s been helping people “live better for less” for over 35 years.